Acid Reflux and Anxiety

Acid Reflux and AnxietyThere is a strong connection between acid reflux and anxiety. Acid reflux and anxiety can play off of each other creating a problematic cycle of mental and physical discomfort. It’s important to understand how the two are connected in order to stop heartburn generated by acid reflux and anxiety.


What Is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a normal phycological reaction to stress with feelings of worry, nervousness, or unease. Events of everyday life such as a test, important decision, presentation, or job interview can cause anxiousness.

Chronic anxiety is more pronounced interfering with one’s ability to live a normal life. Chronic anxiety includes nervous disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobias, panic disorder, and social anxiety. Physical symptoms are more likely to be seen in those that have chronic anxiety.


What is Acid Reflux?

Most of us experience acid reflux on occasion. When we swallow food, it travels down the esophagus into the stomach where stomach acid helps break down food. There is a ring of muscle at the base of the the esophagus known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES relaxes when we swallow food letting it pass into the stomach. It closes after the food passes to keep stomach acid out of the esophagus. Unfortunately, the LES doesn’t always close tightly enough allowing acid to leak up into the esophagus. This backing up of stomach acid into the esophagus is acid reflux, and the pain from acid irritating the esophagus is known as heartburn.


Acid Reflux and Anxiety Connection

The connection between acid reflux and anxiety is obscured by it’s various causes and psychosomatic connection. The two can play off each other. Stress and other psychological traits of anxiety can increase acid reflux symptoms and acid reflux symptoms can cause anxiety to increase.

Heartburn is the most commonly recognized acid reflux symptom, but heartburn isn’t experienced by everyone who is anxious. Those most susceptible are those who have a gastrointestinal disorder such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).1,2

Anxiety Heartburn Causes:

Is It Actually Heartburn?

  • Hyperventilation is a common symptom of anxiety that can cause chest pain similar to heartburn.
  • Anxiety sufferers may experience chest pain caused by muscle tension.

A bitter or sour taste is sometimes present during acid reflux. This could help differentiate between acid reflux and anxiety symptoms.

Abdominal Pressure: Muscle tension in the chest brought on by anxiety may increase abdominal pressure. Pressure on the abdomen can cause stomach contents to push up against the LES. This compromises the closure of the LES allowing acid to reflux into the esophagus leading to heartburn.

Stress: Stress causes the brain that turn up pain receptors. This greater sensitivity or awareness to the symptoms is known as hypervigilance. Hypervigilance causes heartburn pain to increase during times of anxiety, though actual acid exposure may not increase.

Chronic Acid Reflux: Those with gastrointestinal issues like chronic acid reflux are more susceptible to acid reflux issues and are more likely to experience an increase in heartburn during times of anxiety.

Excess Stomach Acid: Stress may cause and increase in stomach acid. As long as the LES closure keeps acids in place this may not be an issue, but could lead to heightened acid levels in the esophagus if refluxed. 

Changes in Digestion: Stress can cause a slowdown in digestion which can lead to additional abdominal pressure and an increase in stomach acid.

Diet and Lifestyle Behaviors: Many anxiety sufferers resort to poor diet and lifestyle choices for comfort. Many of these are heartburn triggers such as over eating, drinking alcohol, caffeine, and smoking more if they are smokers.

Psychiatric Medications: Psychiatric medications can cause the LES to relax and allow acid reflux.

Drop in Prostaglandins: Anxiety can cause a drop in prostaglandins. Drops in prostaglandins cause a drop in gastric mucus secretion which protects the digestive lining against acid. Drops in prostaglandins also cause an increase in stomach acid production. Without proper prostaglandins levels there may be an increase in acid reflux symptoms.

Cyclical Effect: Acid reflux symptoms can lead to further anxiety causing a cycle where acid reflux and anxiety feed off each other.


How to Prevent Acid Reflux and Anxiety

Without remedying both acid reflux and anxiety, either can provoke the occurrence of each other through a cyclical effect. The many acid reflux symptoms can lead to anxiety which can in-turn fuel acid reflux symptoms. Or anxiety can raise the pain of heartburn leading to more anxiousness and so on.

Acid Reflux Prevention: Lifestyle and dietary changes are the main ways to prevent acid reflux. Avoid heartburn triggers (i.e. tobacco, alcohol, and heartburn trigger foods), slow down while eating, do not over eat, avoid eating before bed, and sleep on an incline.

Anxiety Management: Normal events that trigger anxiety can’t be prevented, but they can be managed through:

  • Exercise
  • Massage
  • Soothing music
  • Aromatherapy
  • Relaxing in the tub
  • Meditation
  • Prayer
  • Pets
  • Time with friends or family
  • Fun activities
  • Laughter
  • Sleep

If you suffer from chronic anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobias, panic disorder, and social anxiety, help of a medical professional will be required to overcome these disorders.


Treatment Options for Acid Reflux and Anxiety

Stress related anxiety is common in our society and often unavoidable. Whether the stress comes from an external source or from internal pressures, anxiety can be managed through the coping mechanisms mentioned above.

Occasional heartburn from acid reflux isn’t a serious health risk and can be managed by use of over-the-counter heartburn medication or natural heartburn remedies.

If either anxiety or acid reflux are chronic, they should be treated by a health professional. Both acid reflux and anxiety can lead to other heath issues if left untreated.

For greater detail on acid reflux and its prevention, and treatment, please see these previous articles that go into greater detail:


  1. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine “The relationship between stress and symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux: the influence of psychological factors.
  2. Medscape “Severe Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Symptoms in Relation to Anxiety, Depression and Coping in a Population-Based Study


  1. Natalie 1 year ago

    You can also try with plantago leaves, just put them in a blender, strain and drink the juice. That worked for my husband. I read that potato juice is good too, but never tried it. And also teas, for long-term solution. But you have to find all the plants. I can send you the link with all teas.

    I haven’t tried to make them, i just believe in natural cures like the one with plantago leaves. Oh, and for instant relief I use a pinch of baking soda, that helps me every time, especially when I was pregnant. I haven’t try Apple cider vinegar, but I’ll try next time.
    Have a great day!

    • Author
      Steve Hood 1 year ago

      Thank you, Natalie. You might like to check out our article on teas for naturally treating heartburn ( Potato juice, baking soda, and apple cider vinegar are all great natural heartburn remedies. The baking soda heartburn remedy should be avoided if someone is watching salt levels. Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) is high in sodium. It’s not often advised for use during pregnancy for this reason. I’ve not tried plantago leaves. I’ll look into that treatment. So great of you to mention another remedy! Have a wonderful day!

  2. pieter 1 year ago

    Heartburn and GERD are caused by to weak stomach acid, It causes poor digestion of food allowing “rotten food” to produce gas which in turn builds up stomach pressure forcing the acid up the esophagus. In short to relieve this problem take 2 teaspoons of vinegar in a glass of Luke warm water before you eat or during the heartburn or GERD episode, relief in many cases experienced almost immediately. Some people use Apple cider vinegar. We all know this information cannot be made public in order to protect certain products from financial loss.

    • Author
      Steve Hood 1 year ago

      Apple cider vinegar is a great choice. I use it to help with heartburn and balance pH levels… Thank you for your helpful comment, Pieter. Have a great weekend!

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