Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), also known as silent reflux, is the reflux of stomach contents into the larynx (voice box) and pharynx (throat). Stomach acid can not only reflux beyond the esophagus into the throat and voice box but also into the lungs, mouth, sinuses, ears and nose.
What is GERD? GERD is chronic acid reflux. The most common symptom of GERD is the pain of heartburn caused by refluxed acid irritating the esophagus.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is now linked to use of certain heartburn medications. PPI users are at greater risk of chronic kidney disease and should know the dangers.
What is heartburn? Heartburn is a burning pain behind the breastbone. It is caused when stomach acid refluxes through the LES and irritates the esophagus.
Helicobacter pylori is found in over 50% of the world’s population. How does it contribute to heartburn, how it can be prevented, and how is it treated?